Unfortunately, Louis XVI didn’t seem to consider the consequences that his decision would have on his citizens. Louis was found guilty of treason and executed at the guillotine on 21 January 1793. In September 1792, the new National Convention abolished the monarchy and declared France a republic. Soon, the Parisians violently stormed Bastille, a state prison which they believed was full of ammunition. Execution of Louis XVI. Don’t waste time. Often viewed as a turning point in both French and European history, Louis' death inspired various reactions around the world. He assembled the States-General, which represented the three tiers of citizens in society: the nobles, the clergy, and the commons. This account of French King Louis XVI's execution is from 'London Packet or New Lloyd's Evening Post', Wednesday, January 23, 1793. The situation was already bad before Louis XVI began his reign, but situation got worse. Relevance. ", Henri Sanson was appointed Executioner of Paris from April 1793, and would later execute Marie Antoinette. On Father Edgeworth's advice, Louis avoided a last farewell scene with his family. Louis XVI (23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) ruled as King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, and then as King of the French from 1791 to 1792. 21 January 1793. Louis XVI himself was executed and killed; while France was established as a democratic country. History, 22.06.2019, aubreyfoster. Picture of Louis XVI's Execution French Revolution Posters . Louis was officially arrested on the … Louis XVI was executed, officially, because of treason; he had been accused of betraying the French nation to the Austrians. He had been accused of instigating the invasion of France by the other monarchies of Europe like Austria in order to destroy the Revolution and regain his power. Source: quora.com. "[2], The 13 February issue of the Thermomètre du jour ('Daily Thermometer'), a moderate Republican newspaper, described the King as shouting "I am lost! The executioner's men cut his hair, removed his shirt's collar, and followed him up the scaffold. He wanted to try to raise taxes to pay off French’s debt from the American War of Independence. Add your answer and earn points. He seated himself in it with the priest, with two militiamen sitting opposite them. Why is it that when Louis XVI was executed other European monarchies attempted to suppress the French revolution but when Charles I was executed, 2 centuries prior at that, England was left to its own devices? … King Louis XVI didn’t exactly rise to power in a perfect throne. Louis XVI, the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. One of them, Damoureau, stated in evidence: Arriving at the cemetery, I called for silence. Others (even some who had supported major political reform) condemned the execution as an act of senseless bloodshed and saw it as a sign that France had devolved into a state of violent, amoral chaos. Also, when did King Louis XVI rule? So one assistant waited with a rope, while another said to him 'It is necessary to tie your hands'. "Well listen. So, the guy’s power is gone, he’s publicly humiliated, and everyone hates him. 'Never!' (b) How complete was Napoleon’s power over France by 1804? Legacy . After donning the crown, things only got worse. The night before the execution Louis’ family, his wife Marie Antoinette, his daughter … Considering that he’d never run a country before, he was vastly underprepared to cope with the country’s disastrous economy. "You know how much playwrights need accurate information, Monsieur Sanson. The flight to Varennes was significant because it showed the French people how weak and powerless their king was, which was a contributing factor as to why Louis was later executed. Favorite Answer. He was executed using the guillotine on the 21st January 1973. His failure to successfully address serious fiscal problems would dog … Why Was Louis XVI Executed? Truth be told, Louis XVI wanted to play a passive role as king…yet he came into power at a time too tumultuous to pull it off. In his Causeries, Alexandre Dumas refers to a meeting circa 1830 with Henri Sanson, eldest son of Charles-Henri Sanson, who had also been present at the execution. Should King Louis XVI be executed? His royal seal was to go to the Dauphin and his wedding ring to the Queen. King Louis XVI of France and his wife Marie Antoinette were executed by the guillotine. Suspended and arrested following an abortive attempt to flee from the radical agitation of revolutionary Paris in 1792, he was tried by the National Convention, found guilty of treason, and executed on 21 January 1793. 0 0. After initially refusing to permit Sanson and his assistants to bind his hands together, Louis XVI relented when Sanson proposed to use his handkerchief instead of rope. In his letter, published along with its French mistakes in the Thermomètre of Thursday, 21 February 1793, Sanson emphasises that the King "bore all this with a composure and a firmness which has surprised us all. Facing execution, Louis XVI responded as dignified and resigned. In Paris, the guillotine was located at the Place de la Révolution (now the Place de la Concorde), located between the Champs-Elysées to the west and the Tuileries Garden to the east in Paris, France. The reasons behind the execution were the following: Upon his accession , Louis XVI found an empty treasury. 1 decade ago. On January 21, he walked steadfastly to the guillotine and was executed. Unfortunately, their vacation to Marie’s homeland didn’t exactly pan out. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. He was a bystander to the horrible injustices which the French citizens were experiencing. It was his great-grandson, Louis XVI, who was executed by guillotine in 1793. He was judged as ineffective, controlled, unintelligent leader. His indecisive behavior also became one of the reasons why he was very unpopular with the people. and held out his hands. Nine months later, Marie Antoinette was convicted of treason by a tribunal, and on October … Dear Student Answer to your question is as follows : Louix XVI was executed in the guillotine on January 21, 1793. As he was strapped down, he exclaimed "My people, I die innocent!" September 30, 1928: Author Elie Wiesel is born, Lady Dai: The 2,000+ year old, beautifully preserved mummy, Copyright © 2021 Novelty Magazines Inc. DBA 101 Network. A series of unfortunate events led to the deposition and ultimate execution of Louis XVI in January 1793. unlike Charles I (who refused any kind of reform) Louis and Marie Antoinette acquiesced to the calls for political and economic reforms to create a consitutional monarchy. Vive la République!" During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" Unfortunately, Louis XVI didn’t seem to hold strong to either side; he just wanted to make it through his reign. In 1774, poor Louis took over the French throne from his grandfather, King Louis XV, who left him to clean up a tremendous economic crisis. He also wasn’t open to listening to the citizens’ suggestions about how to wrap up the revolution in a non-violent way. Charles-Henri Sanson responded to the story by offering his own version of events in a letter dated 20 February 1793. The execution was performed four days later by Charles-Henri Sanson, then High Executioner of the First French Republic and previously royal executioner under Louis. Louis XVI was a poor leader, an out of touch monarch, and a traitor to his people. However, he wasn’t just knocked down a few notches politically. The executioners numbered four; two only performed the execution; the third stayed at the foot of the ladder, and the fourth was on the wagon which was to convey the King's body to the Madeleine Cemetery and which was waiting a few feet from the scaffold. What were the issues which divided republicans over his fate? Louis XVI, also called (until 1774) Louis-Auguste, duc de Berry, (born August 23, 1754, Versailles, France—died January 21, 1793, Paris), the last king of France (1774–92) in the line of Bourbon monarchs preceding the French Revolution of 1789. Edgeworth, Louis' Irish confessor, wrote in his memoirs: The path leading to the scaffold was extremely rough and difficult to pass; the King was obliged to lean on my arm, and from the slowness with which he proceeded, I feared for a moment that his courage might fail; but what was my astonishment, when arrived at the last step, I felt that he suddenly let go my arm, and I saw him cross with a firm foot the breadth of the whole scaffold; silence, by his look alone, fifteen or twenty drums that were placed opposite to me; and in a voice so loud, that it must have been heard at the Pont Tournant, I heard him pronounce distinctly these memorable words: "I die innocent of all the crimes laid to my charge; I Pardon those who have occasioned my death; and I pray to God that the blood you are going to shed may never be visited on France. French King Louis XVI, just 38 years old and the leader of one of the world’s most modern and powerful countries, had been executed by what was seen as a revolutionary rabble. Louis XVI awoke early in the morning. He came forward to speak, but there were shouts to the executioners to get on with their work. He was executed so as to prevent the discontented in France who opposed the revolutionaries from having a focal point of resistance. Sanson grabbed his severed head out of the receptacle into which it fell and exhibited it to the cheering crowd. To have executed his underlings but not the monarch himself may have been perceived as a failure of the revolution. I remained strongly convinced that he derived this firmness from the principles of the religion by which he seemed penetrated and persuaded as no other man.". At the foot of the scaffold we decided to tie his hands, but less because we feared that he might defend himself than because we thought he might by an involuntary movement spoil his execution or make it more painful. The chapel narrowly escaped destruction on politico-ideological grounds during the violently anti-clerical period at the beginning of the 20th century. According to one witness report, the blade did not sever his neck but instead cut through the back of his skull and into his jaw. "I know, that's why it is you I'm asking." In the end, there was a revolution in France and a vast amount changes to the society and the government of France. Louis XVI was charged with a treason, and even majority of the National Convention agreed with the ruling. De Molay (died 1314), the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, had reportedly cursed Louis' ancestor Philip the Fair, after the latter had sentenced him to burn at the stake based on false confessions. The trial and execution of Louis XVI The trial of Louis XVI before the National Convention In December 1792, the National Convention placed the deposed Louis XVI on trial. He acknowledged it, yet he didn’t seem willing to do much about the issue fueling it. In pursuance of an executive order, the body lying in its open coffin was thrown onto a bed of quicklime at the bottom of the pit and covered by one of earth, the whole being firmly and thoroughly tamped down. The story spread widely and the phrase remains in use today to indicate the triumph of reason and logic over "religious superstition".[5]. On 21 January 1815 Louis XVI and his wife's remains were re-buried in the Basilica of Saint-Denis where in 1816 his brother, King Louis XVIII, had a funerary monument erected by Edme Gaulle. Example Responses AICE Free Response Questions France, 1789–1804 (a) Why was Louis XVI executed in 1793? Now, in fairness, Louis XVI had pretty clearly tried to flee Paris in order to organize a counter-revolution. Paul and Pierrette Girault de Coursac have written a number of works on Louis XVI, including: Significant civil and political events by year, Journey from the Temple prison to the Place de la Révolution. [citation needed]. He heard his last Mass, served by Cléry, and received Communion. Anonymous. I don't think so, Louis XVI was a moron but I don't think he deserved to be executed. Laws to deport the refractory clergy, to bar the… arose and an artillery salute rang out which reached the ears of the imprisoned Royal family. 0 0. Journey from the Temple prison to the Place de la Révolution On January, 21, 1793 King Louis XVI was guillotined, after being tried for treason and being proven guilty. Regards . He was the only king of France to be executed. Yet, how exactly did trying to implement new taxes lead him to get his head chopped off? However, in 1792 Austria and Prussia invaded hoping to intervene on behalf of Louis XVI. Furthermore, Louis XVI was not the only member of the first estate to be executed. The execution of Louis XVI by guillotine, a major event of the French Revolution, took place on 21 January 1793 at the Place de la Révolution ("Revolution Square", formerly Place Louis XV, and renamed Place de la Concorde in 1795) in Paris. Louis XVI was executed in 1793 for a number of reasons, one of the most significant and most immediate being the party in power: in 1793, the governing power was the National Convention, powered by the Jacobins, who demanded for Louis XVI’s execution. Louis was then tried by the National Convention (self-instituted as a tribunal for the occasion), found guilty of high treason, and executed by guillotine on 21 January 1793, as a desacralized French citizen under the name of Citizen Louis Capet, in reference to Hugh Capet, the founder of the Capetian dynasty – which the revolutionaries interpreted as Louis' surname. Yikes, right? Can you guess which he chose to do? Louis XVI (Louis-Auguste; French pronunciation: ; 23 August 1754 – 21 January 1793) was the last king of France before the fall of the monarchy during the French Revolution.He was referred to as Citizen Louis Capet during the four months just before he was executed by guillotine.In 1765, upon the death of his father, Louis, Dauphin of France, he became the new Dauphin. The role Marie Antoinette played in French governmental affairs, both domestic and foreign, was likely greatly exaggerated. Will. There were three main reasons that help asses why King Louis XVI was executed in 1793; the Jacobins gained more power, Austria and Prussia threatened to attack France, and the Vendee revolt. 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At 10 o'clock, the carriage arrived at Place de la Révolution and proceeded to an area where a scaffold had been erected, in a space surrounded by guns and drums, and by a crowd carrying pikes and bayonets. When his citizens stormed Versailles in 1789, Louis XVI snatched up his extremely unpopular wife, Marie Antoinette, and made a break for Austria where she was from. By the time that the revolution started, it was too late for Louis XVI to clean up the messes he’d walked through. During the reign of Louis XVI France suffered from constant economic troubles; the country was always in debt because of the present (Louis XVI and his family) and previous royal family’s frequent spending on war and luxuries, … Continue reading "Asses Why Was Louis XVI Executed in 1793" Louis XVI was executed on January 21, 1793 while Marie Antoinette was executed on October 16, 1793. It was then that my father approached and said, in the most respectful tone of voice imaginable, 'With a handkerchief, Sire'. The Constitution of 1791 marks the end of the first stage of the revolution, this constitution includes: the legislative assembly, this was a lawmaking group, to vote for representatives you must be a male and … King Louis XVI execution? The executioners wore breeches, coats in the French style as the Revolution had modified it, and three-cornered hats with enormous tri-colour cockades. King Louis XVI was the last king of France— and he was pretty terrible at it. It didn’t take much evidence for the majority of the National Convention to find him guilty and convict him to death. After receiving the priest's blessing, he went to meet Antoine Joseph Santerre, Commander of the Guard. Long years of war had drained the financial resources of France. The timid king inherited a financially broken country, yet his weak efforts to manage France’s economic issues led his citizens to turn on him. Ascending the throne in 1774, Louis inherited a realm driven nearly bankrupt through the opulence of his predecessors Louis XIV and XV. King Louis XVI executed 21-January One day after being convicted of conspiracy with foreign powers and sentenced to death by the French National Convention, King Louis XVI is executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. Ultimately, they condemned him to death by a simple majority. 21 January 1793. They executed the King with their hats on, and it was without taking his hat off that Samson, [sic] seizing by the hair the severed head of Louis XVI., showed it to the people, and for a few moments let the blood from it trickle upon the scaffold.[4]. It was enough to try him with treason. Also reasons such as the Age of Enlightenment when some philosophers had new … It was clothed in a white vest and grey silk breeches with matching stockings. Just a year later, Marie was convicted and issued the same punishment. His execution … At a trial on 17 January 1793, the National Convention had convicted the king of high treason in a near-unanimous vote; while no one voted "not guilty", several deputies abstained. Louis was to be hidden in a house in the rue de Cléry belonging to the Count of Marsan. The other three assistants, believing that a struggle was imminent, dashed forward. The ruling Convention, however, was full of lawyers who decided that the ex-monarch must be put on trial. Now, in fairness, Louis XVI had pretty clearly tried to flee Paris in order to organize a counter-revolution. Is gone, he walked steadfastly to the citizens ’ suggestions about how to wrap the. 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